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Tomato Plant Culture : In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden - Jr. J. Benton Jones

Tomato Plant Culture

In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden

Hardcover

Published: 3rd August 2007
Ships: 7 to 10 business days
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While tomatoes continue to be one of the most widely grown plants, the production and distribution of tomato fruits have been changing worldwide. Smaller, flavorful tomatoes are becoming more popular than beefsteak tomatoes, greenhouse-grown tomatoes have entered the marketplace, and home gardeners are using the Internet to obtain information for growing tomatoes. Encompassing these changes, Tomato Plant Culture: In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition clearly presents the characteristics, nutritional information, environmental requirements, and production aspects of tomato plants and fruits.
Authored by one of the foremost experts in hydroponics, the book outlines the history of the tomato plant and fruit and delves into the author's personal experiences with tomato plant cultivation. It discusses the characteristics and composition of the plant as well as seedling and seed production. The author elucidates the physical features of the fruit and the mineral nutrition of the plant. He also examines the physical and chemical characteristics of soils most desirable for plant growth, makes fertilizer recommendations, and explores the factors involved in greenhouse tomato production. In addition, the book looks at ways to identify and control plant diseases and insect pests.
With scientific data, trivia, and troubleshooting advice, this technical yet accessible book enables scientists, commercial growers, and home gardeners to cultivate a successful crop of tomatoes.

"... a valuable source of information for professional tomato growers and advanced home gardeners as well as for research workers... The work is also noteworthy for its high didactical quality; it might be certainly useful as a studying literature in the Vegetable production studies." --Biologia Plantarium

Introductionp. 1
Historical Backgroundp. 1
Tomato Triviap. 2
Plant Characteristicsp. 3
Scientific Classificationp. 5
Common Namesp. 6
Tomato Productsp. 6
Tomato Yield Recordsp. 7
Production Statisticsp. 7
Consumer Consumption and Preferencesp. 10
Tomato Production in the United Statesp. 12
Greenhouse Tomato Productionp. 13
Field- versus Greenhouse-Grown Fruitp. 19
Home Gardeningp. 22
Personal General Observationsp. 32
The Internetp. 34
Personal Experiencesp. 36
1948-1952p. 36
1952-1954p. 36
1959-1968p. 36
Cleveland, Ohio, Tomato Greenhousesp. 36
1968-1989p. 38
Turn-Key Hydroponic Tomato Greenhousep. 38
Hydroponic Tomato Complex at Byron, Georgiap. 40
Pinebark Tomato GroBoxp. 41
Hydroponic Training Program in South Georgiap. 42
The Scaife Hydroponic Growing Systemp. 44
Hydroponic Tomato Farm in Floridap. 44
Fresh Market Tomato Production Farm in North Carolinap. 46
1989 to Presentp. 48
Plant Characteristics and Physiologyp. 55
Introductionp. 55
Plant Formsp. 55
Days to Maturityp. 56
Photosynthetic Characteristicsp. 56
Light Energy Levelp. 58
Light Qualityp. 61
Daylight Lengthp. 62
Carbon Dioxide Enrichmentp. 62
Water Requirementp. 64
Plant Air Temperature Requirementsp. 66
Root Temperature Effectsp. 68
Consistencyp. 69
Flower Characteristicsp. 70
Flower Pollinationp. 71
Fruit Characteristicsp. 74
Cultural Systemsp. 77
Field Productionp. 77
Greenhouse Productionp. 78
Seed and Seedling Productionp. 81
Introductionp. 81
Seed Characteristicsp. 82
Elemental Compositionp. 83
Germination Testing Proceduresp. 83
Germination Time and Temperaturep. 84
Young Vegetative Plantsp. 84
Seedling Productionp. 86
Transplant Characteristicsp. 90
Setting in the Soilp. 92
Graftingp. 92
Seed Productionp. 95
Saving Seed from Mature Tomato Fruitp. 95
Procedure for Saving Seed from a Ripe Tomato Fruitp. 96
Catalog Descriptionsp. 96
Days to Maturityp. 97
Seed Treatmentsp. 97
Disease Resistance Codesp. 97
Seed Sourcesp. 97
Heirloom Varietiesp. 98
Fruit Characteristicsp. 101
Introductionp. 101
Physical Characteristicsp. 101
Sizep. 102
Shapep. 103
Firmnessp. 103
Color Classificationp. 103
Fruit Ripeningp. 105
Fruit Gradesp. 106
U.S. No. 1 Gradep. 106
U.S. No. 2 Gradep. 107
U.S. No. 3 Gradep. 107
Defectsp. 108
Crackingp. 109
Catfacingp. 110
Misshapen Fruitp. 110
Puffinessp. 111
Blossom End Rot (BER)p. 111
Sun Scald (Solar Injury)p. 112
Green Shouldersp. 113
Russetingp. 113
Anther Scarringp. 113
Blotchy Ripeningp. 113
Consumer Quality Factorsp. 114
Flavorp. 114
pHp. 117
Storagep. 117
Packagingp. 120
Nutritional Contentp. 121
Sun-Dried Fruitp. 124
Organically Grown and Pesticide Freep. 124
Useful Unitsp. 128
Tomato Plant Nutritionp. 129
Introductionp. 129
Nomenclaturep. 129
The Essential Elementsp. 130
Content in Plantsp. 131
Functionp. 132
Deficiency Symptomsp. 133
Excess Symptomsp. 134
The Structural Elementsp. 135
The Mineral Elementsp. 136
Characteristicsp. 136
Major Mineral Elementsp. 136
Nitrogen (N)p. 136
Phosphorus (P)p. 139
Potassium (K)p. 141
Calcium (Ca)p. 142
Magnesium (Mg)p. 144
Sulfur (S)p. 146
The Micronutrientsp. 147
Boron (B)p. 148
Chlorine (Cl)p. 149
Copper (Cu)p. 150
Iron (Fe)p. 151
Manganese (Mn)p. 153
Molybdenum (Mo)p. 154
Zinc (Zn)p. 155
Nutritional Uptakep. 156
Critical Major Elementsp. 157
Nitrogen (N)p. 157
Calcium (Ca)p. 158
Phosphorus (P)p. 159
Potassium (K)p. 160
Magnesium (Mg)p. 160
Micronutrientsp. 161
Critical Micronutrientsp. 161
Iron (Fe)p. 161
Zinc (Zn)p. 162
Nutrient Element Uptake Patterns with Timep. 163
The Beneficial Elementsp. 163
Humic Acidp. 166
Plant Nutrient Element Managementp. 166
Plant Analysisp. 166
Sampling Instructionsp. 168
Decontamination Proceduresp. 169
Drying and Shippingp. 170
Laboratory Servicesp. 170
Essential Element Levels in the Tomato Plantp. 170
Concentration Unitsp. 171
Tissue Testingp. 171
Tissue Testing Kitsp. 172
Interpretation of Plant Analysis and Tissue Test Resultsp. 173
Visual Symptoms of Deficiency and Excessp. 174
Soil Testingp. 174
Soilless Rooting Medium Assayp. 176
Soil Testing Laboratoriesp. 176
Sensitivity to Salinityp. 176
Field Production in Soilp. 179
Introductionp. 179
Soil Physical Characteristicsp. 179
Subsoil Characteristicsp. 180
Soil Fertility Requirementsp. 180
Soil pHp. 180
Soil Salinityp. 181
Soil Preparation and Rotationp. 181
Irrigation Water Qualityp. 182
Fertilizer Recommendationsp. 184
Major Elementsp. 184
The Micronutrientsp. 187
Nutrient Content and Removalp. 188
Drip Irrigation and Fertigationp. 189
Plant Population and Spacingp. 190
Commercial Productionp. 190
Home Garden Spacingp. 191
Fruit Yieldp. 191
Commercialp. 191
Home Garden Production Proceduresp. 193
Site Selectionp. 195
Home Garden Soil Propertiesp. 196
Soil pH and Limingp. 196
Fertilizing the Garden Soilp. 197
Plant Cultural Managementp. 198
Organically Grownp. 200
Growing Tomatoes in Containersp. 202
Greenhouse Tomato Productionp. 205
Introductionp. 205
Past Statusp. 206
Current and Future Growthp. 209
Factors Affecting Greenhouse Productionp. 210
The Tomato Greenhousep. 212
Greenhouse Definedp. 213
Location Factorsp. 215
Basic Structural Designp. 217
Flooringp. 220
Glazing Materialsp. 221
Heating and Cooling Requirementsp. 224
Heating Specificsp. 224
Cooling Specificsp. 228
Atmospheric Conditions in the Greenhousep. 232
Automated Devicesp. 233
Humidity Controlp. 235
Environmentally Controlled Chambers and Greenhousesp. 235
Backup and Alarm Systemsp. 237
Water Qualityp. 238
Cropping Sequences and Climatep. 238
Culture Systemsp. 239
Plant Spacingp. 241
Fruit Yield and Cost of Productionp. 242
Organic Soilless Media Bag Culturep. 242
Hydroponic Growingp. 247
Hydroponic Growing Systemsp. 248
Flood-and-Drain (Ebb-and-Flow)p. 248
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)p. 249
Drip Irrigationp. 250
Rockwool Slab Drip Irrigation Growing Systemp. 250
Perlite Bag Drip Irrigation Growing Systemp. 254
Perlite BATO Bucket Drip Irrigation Growing Systemp. 255
Rooting Mediap. 255
Other Hydroponic Growing Systemsp. 258
Standing Aerated Hydroponic Growing Methodp. 258
Aeroponic Hydroponic Growing Methodp. 259
The Nutrient Solutionp. 259
Nutrient Solution/Water Managementp. 264
Nutrient Solution Managementp. 267
Filtering and Sterilization of the Nutrient Solutionp. 269
Oxygenationp. 269
Organic Hydroponicsp. 270
Greenhouse Cultivars/Varietiesp. 271
Greenhouse Tomato Seed Sourcesp. 274
Rootstocksp. 274
Crop/Growing System Monitoringp. 274
Personal Observationsp. 275
Walk Through Observationsp. 276
Operator Skillp. 277
Daily Tasksp. 277
Worker Supervisionp. 278
Fruit Harvestingp. 278
Tomato Plant Fruit Loadp. 279
Tomato Plant Stressp. 279
Insect Controlp. 279
Seeking Professional Advicep. 279
Get to Know Your Neighborp. 280
Control Your Greenhouse Operationp. 280
Crop/Greenhouse Monitoring and Recordsp. 281
Walking the Greenhousep. 282
Pest Identification and Controlp. 283
Introductionp. 283
Resistant Cultivarsp. 283
Plant Diseasesp. 284
Virus Diseasesp. 285
Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV)p. 285
Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV)p. 286
Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV)p. 286
Fungus Diseasesp. 286
Botrytis Gray Moldp. 286
Leaf Moldp. 286
Early Blightp. 286
Powdery Mildewp. 286
Target Spotp. 287
Pythium Root Rotp. 287
Fusarium Crown and Root Rotp. 287
Timber Rot or White Moldp. 287
Bacterial Diseasesp. 287
Bacterial Wiltp. 287
Pith Necrosisp. 287
Seedborne Diseasesp. 288
Soilborne Diseasesp. 289
Insectsp. 289
Insect Monitoring and Controlp. 291
Insect Control Using Predator Insectsp. 293
Predator Insect Sourcesp. 294
Nematodesp. 294
How to Control Pestsp. 294
Sanitation and Cultural Practicesp. 295
Resistant Cultivars/Varietiesp. 295
Chemical Pest Controlp. 295
Biological Pest Control: Biopesticidesp. 296
Biological Pest Control: Insecticidal Soapp. 296
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)p. 297
Prophylactic Proceduresp. 299
Nutrient Solution Disease Controlp. 300
Weed Controlp. 300
Professional Assistancep. 301
Worker Protection for Greenhouse Employeesp. 301
Changing Label Recommendations and Restrictionsp. 302
Greenhouse Decontamination and Cleaningp. 303
Home Gardener Pest Controlp. 303
Referencesp. 305
Appendix Ip. 323
Glossaryp. 331
Appendix IIIp. 349
Summary of Tomato Plant Physiological and Plant Production Characteristics and Statisticsp. 361
Characteristics of the Six Major Essential Elements and the Seven Micronutrients Related to Tomato Plant/Fruit Productionp. 369
Conversion Factorsp. 389
Indexp. 395
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780849373954
ISBN-10: 0849373956
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 404
Published: 3rd August 2007
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 0.75