In the fourteenth century, a culture arose in and around the Edwards Plateau of Central Texas that represents the last prehistoric peoples before the cultural upheaval introduced by European explorers. This culture has been labeled the Toyah phase, characterized by a distinctive tool kit and a bone-tempered pottery tradition.
?Spanish documents, some translated decades ago, offer glimpses of these mobile people. Archaeological excavations, some quite recent, offer other views of this culture, whose homeland covered much of Central and South Texas. For the first time in a single volume, this book brings together a number of perspectives and interpretations of these hunter-gatherers and how they interacted with each other, the pueblos in southeastern New Mexico, the mobile groups in northern Mexico, and newcomers from the northern plains such as the Apache and Comanche.?
Assembling eight studies and interpretive essays to look at social boundaries from the perspective of migration, hunter-farmer interactions, subsistence, and other issues significant to anthropologists and archaeologists, The Toyah Phase of Central Texas: Late Prehistoric Economic and Social Processes demonstrates that these prehistoric societies were never isolated from the world around them. Rather, these societies were keenly aware of changes happening on the plains to their north, among the Caddoan groups east of them, in the Puebloan groups in what is now New Mexico, and among their neighbors to the south in Mexico.
"I am unaware of any other volume that approaches the important issue of social identity and processes among mobile hunter-gatherers drawing on both archaeological and ethnohistorical data. This will be a very useful book. There is, to my knowledge, no other book on the same topic; and it will be an important contribution."--Darrell Creel, associate professor of anthropology and director, Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory, University of Texas
|The Toyah Phase in Texas: An Introduction and Retrospective||p. 1|
|The Toyah Phase and the Ethnohistorical Record: A Case for Population Aggregation||p. 19|
|Defining Hunter-Gatherer Sociocultural Identity and Interaction at a Regional Scale: The Toyah/Tejas Social Field||p. 44|
|The Role of Exotic Materials in Toyah Assemblages in a Late Prehistoric Economic and Social System||p. 76|
|Reconsidering the Role of Bison in the Terminal Late Prehistoric (Toyah) Period in Texas||p. 90|
|Bone Processing and Subsistence Stress in Late Prehistoric South Texas||p. 111|
|What Is Northern Toyah Phase? The Toyah Phenomenon on the Texas Southern Plains||p. 128|
|Plains-Pueblo Interaction: A View from the "Middle"||p. 152|
|Toyah: Reflections on Evolving Perceptions||p. 181|
|List of Contributors||p. 245|
|Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Texas A & M University Anthropology (Hardcover)
Number Of Pages: 254
Published: 2nd October 2012
Publisher: Texas A & M University Press
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2 x 2.0
Weight (kg): 0.567