In his brilliant, irreverent essay 'The Soul of Man Under Socialism', Wilde turns an exuberantly sceptical eye on Victorian values and the institutions of property, marriage and the Church, asking us to envision instead a society made more vital through tolerance of individualism and disidence. Wilde pursues the argument for personal and artistic freedom in his essays from Intentions such as the acclaimed dialogues 'The Decay of Lying' and 'The Critic as Artist', which provide witty dramatizations of his views on life and art and a profound expression of his aesthetic theory.
About the Author
Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born in Dublin in 1854, the son of an eminent eye-surgeon and a nationalist poetess who wrote under the pseudonym of 'Speranza'. He went to Trinity College, Dublin and then to Magdalen College, Oxford, where he began to propagandize the new Aesthetic (or 'Art for Art's Sake') Movement.
Despite winning a first and the Newdigate Prize for Poetry, Wilde failed to obtain an Oxford scholarship, and was forced to earn a living by lecturing and writing for periodicals. He published a largely unsuccessful volume of poems in 1881 and in the next year undertook a lecture-tour of the United States in order to promote the D'Oyle Carte production of Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera, Patience.
After his marriage to Constance Lloyd in 1884, he tried to establish himself as a writer, but with little initial success. However, his three volumes of short fiction, The Happy Prince (1888), Lord Arthur Savile's Crime (1891) and A House of Pomegranates (1891), together with his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), gradually won him a reputation as a modern writer with an original talent, a reputation confirmed and enhanced by the phenomenal success of his Society Comedies – Lady Windermere's Fan, A Woman of No Importance, An Ideal Husband and The Importance of Being Earnest, all performed on the West End stage between 1892 and 1895.
Success, however, was short-lived. In 1891 Wilde had met and fallen extravagantly in love with Lord Alfred Douglas. In 1895, when his success as a dramatist was at its height, Wilde brought an unsuccessful libel action against Douglas's father, the Marquess of Queensberry. Wilde lost the case and two trials later was sentenced to two years' imprisonment for acts of gross indecency. As a result of this experience he wrote The Ballad of Reading Gaol. He was released from prison in 1897 and went into an immediate self-imposed exile on the Continent. He died in Paris in ignominy in 1900.
|Note on the Texts|
|Mr. Whistler's Ten o'Clock||p. 3|
|The Relation of Dress of Art||p. 6|
|A Sentimental Journey through Literature||p. 9|
|Mr. Pater's Imaginary Portraits||p. 12|
|[The Actor as Critic]||p. 15|
|Poetical Socialists||p. 17|
|Mr. Swinburne's Last Volume||p. 20|
|Mr. Pater's Last Volume||p. 24|
|The Portrait of Mr. W. H. (expanded version 1889)||p. 31|
|In Defence of Dorian Gray (1890-91)||p. 103|
|The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891)||p. 125|
|The Decay of Lying||p. 163|
|Pen, Pencil and Poison||p. 193|
|The Critic as Artist - Part I||p. 213|
|The Critic as Artist - Part II||p. 243|
|The Truth of Masks||p. 280|
|Further Reading||p. 379|
|Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: Penguin Classics
For Ages: 18+ years old
Number Of Pages: 416
Published: October 2001
Dimensions (cm): 19.8 x 13.0 x 1.8
Weight (kg): 19.7
Edition Number: 1