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The Kreutzer Sonata and Other Stories - Leo Tolstoy

The Kreutzer Sonata and Other Stories

By: Leo Tolstoy, Richard F. Gustafson (Editor), Louise Shanks Maude (Transcribed by), J. D. Duff (Transcribed by)

Paperback

Published: September 2009
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RRP $17.99
$16.95

These four novellas--Family Happiness, The Kreutzer Sonata, The Cossacks, and Hadji Murad--each unique in form, show Tolstoy at his creative height. This edition uses the acclaimed Maude translations, (except for Family Happiness, translated by J.D. Huff), modernized and corrected against modern Russian editions to create this English language version. While the Afterword to The Kreutzer Sonata appears for the first time in English with the story. The explanatory notes and substantial introduction use the most recent scholarship in the field to further illuminate Tolstoy's works of shorter fiction.

Family Happiness The Cossacks The Kreutzer Sonata Hadji Murád

ISBN: 9780199555796
ISBN-10: 0199555796
Series: Oxford World's Classics
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 512
Published: September 2009
Dimensions (cm): 19.6 x 13.2  x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.35

Leo Tolstoy

Russian author, a master of realistic fiction and one of the world's greatest novelists.

Tolstoy is best known for his two longest works, War and Peace and Anna Karenina, which are commonly regarded as among the finest novels ever written. War and Peace in particular seems virtually to define this form for many readers and critics. Among Tolstoy's shorter works, The Death of Ivan Ilyich is usually classed among the best examples of the novella. Especially during his last three decades Tolstoy also achieved world renown as a moral and religious teacher. His doctrine of nonresistance to evil had an important influence on Gandhi. Although Tolstoy's religious ideas no longer command the respect they once did, interest in his life and personality has, if anything, increased over the years.

Most readers will agree with the assessment of the 19th-century British poet and critic Matthew Arnold that a novel by Tolstoy is not a work of art but a piece of life; the 20th-century Russian author Isaak Babel commented that, if the world could write by itself, it would write like Tolstoy. Critics of diverse schools have agreed that somehow Tolstoy's works seem to elude all artifice. Most have stressed his ability to observe the smallest changes of consciousness and to record the slightest movements of the body. What another novelist would describe as a single act of consciousness, Tolstoy convincingly breaks down into a series of infinitesimally small steps. According to the English writer Virginia Woolf, who took for granted that Tolstoy was “the greatest of all novelists,” these observational powers elicited a kind of fear in readers, who “wish to escape from the gaze which Tolstoy fixes on us.”

Those who visited Tolstoy as an old man also reported feelings of great discomfort when he appeared to understand their unspoken thoughts. It was commonplace to describe him as godlike in his powers and titanic in his struggles to escape the limitations of the human condition. Some viewed Tolstoy as the embodiment of nature and pure vitality, others saw him as the incarnation of the world's conscience, but for almost all who knew him or read his works, he was not just one of the greatest writers who ever lived but a living symbol of the search for life's meaning.

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