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The Environmental Consequences of War : Legal, Economic, and Scientific Perspectives - Jay E. Austin

The Environmental Consequences of War

Legal, Economic, and Scientific Perspectives

By: Jay E. Austin (Editor), Carl E. Bruch (Editor)

Paperback

Published: 17th September 2007
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The environmental devastation caused by military conflict has been witnessed in the wake of the Vietnam War, the Gulf War and the Kosovo conflict. This book brings together leading international lawyers, military officers, scientists and economists to examine the legal, political, economic and scientific implications of wartime damage to the natural environment and public health.

The book considers issues raised by the application of humanitarian norms and legal rules designed to protect the environment, and the destructive nature of war. Contributors offer an analysis and critique of the existing law of war framework, lessons from peacetime environmental law, means of scientific assessment and economic valuation of ecological and public health damage, and proposals for future legal and institutional developments.

This book provides a contemporary forum for interdisciplinary analysis of armed conflict and the environment, and explores ways to prevent and redress wartime environmental damage.

"...exhaustive and valuable...All those who debate the need for and the means of creating wartime norms and rules or environmental protection will find ample ammunition in this impressive contribution." Environment Magazine "This is an ambitious, multidisciplinary contribution...with a unique application of peacetime lessons of environmental and human rights law to the law of war. It uses detailed scientific and economic assessment tools to solve the extremely complicated problems of preventing, assigning liability for, and redressing ecological and human wartime damage...a must-read for anyone wishing to understand the effects of armed conflict beyond simple causalty figures or destroyed material." International Politics "...full of detailed arguments and discussion about (a) how we could measure war's damage to the environment, and (b) whether further regulation of war will have any useful effect. The authors have done a thorough and clear job of researching the many intersections of conflict and its collateral environmental damages." ECSP Report "This is a most valuable collection and deserves space in any library where scholars, scientists, and activists meet in their efforts to piece together the fragments of a possible future world without war." Ecoscience

List of illustrations
List of tables
List of contributors
Acknowledgements
Foreword
Introduction
General Principles: Introduction
The environment in wartime: an overview
The Legal Framework
Existing and Emerging Wartime Standards: Introduction
The law of war and environmental damage
War and the environment: fault lines in the prescriptive landscape
The inadequacy of the existing legal approach to environmental protection in wartime
United States Navy development of operational-environmental doctrine Captain
In furtherance of environmental guidelines for armed forces during peace and war
Lessons from Other Legal Regimes: Introduction
Peacetime environmental law as a basis of state responsibility for environmental damage caused by war
Environmental damages under the Law of the Sea Convention
The place of the environment in international tribunals
Civil liability for war-caused environmental damage: models from United States law
Assessing the Impacts - Scientific Methods and Issues
Ecological and Natural Resource Impacts: Introduction
Scientific assessment of the long-term environmental consequences of war
The Gulf War impact on the terrestrial environment of Kuwait: an overview
War-related damages to the marine environment in the ROPME Sea Area
War and biodiversity: an assessment of impacts
Public Health Impacts: Introduction
Tracking the four horsemen: the public health approach to the impact of war and war-induced environmental destruction in the twentieth century
Defoliants: the long-term health implications
The impact of military preparedness and militarism on health and the environment
War and infectious diseases: international law and the public health consequences of armed conflict
Valuing the Impacts - Economic Methods and Issues: Introduction
Ecological and Natural Resource Damages
Restoration-based approaches to compensation for natural resource damages: moving towards convergence in US and international law
Public Health Damages
Valuing public health damages arising from war
Valuing the health consequences of war
Prospects for the Future: Introduction
Protecting specially important areas during international armed conflict: a critique of the IUCN Draft Convention on the Prohibition of Hostile Military Activities in Protected Areas
The Chemical Weapons Convention: a verification and enforcement model for determining legal responsibility for environmental harm caused by war
International legal mechanisms for determining liability for environmental damage under international humanitarian law
Waging war against the world: the need to move from war crimes to environmental crimes
Epilogue
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521046923
ISBN-10: 0521046920
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 712
Published: 17th September 2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 3.962
Weight (kg): 1.03