In The Beginnings of Writing, the authors give the clearest, most comprehensive source on young children's development of writing, illustrating every concept with student artifacts. From scribbles and invented spelling to composition, this book also presents the most careful attention to children's development available, illuminating what they are trying to do as they write. Using this highly popular, well-respected book as a guide, teachers gain a practical, clear understanding of each child's present challenges and successes as (s)he develops competence in writing and develop the skills needed to offer appropriate instruction and support at each point in the child's learning.
Preface Chapter One: A Child Discovers How to Write YUTS A LADE YET FEHEG AD HE KOT FLEPR YUTS A LADE and You What's Next? SECTION ONE: The Beginnings of Writing Chapter Two: The Beginnings of Handwriting The History of the Alphabet The Evolution of Handwriting Chapter Three: Learning to Write at the Level of Letters Introduction The Precursors of Writing Discovering the Basics of the Writing System Children and Iconic Writing Children and Syllabic Writing The Appearance of Letters: Graphic Principles Strategies for Early Writing Encouraging Children to Make Print Providing Models of Writing Suggestions That Get Children Writing Handwriting in the Curriculum Assessing and Teaching Handwriting Handwriting Assessments Handwriting Instruction Programs Conclusion SECTION TWO: The Beginnings of Spelling Chapter Four: What is there to learn about English spelling? Introduction The Disappointment of English How We Make Speech Sounds What are Phonemes, Really? How We Make Speech Sounds How Vowels Are Made How Vowels Are Represented in IPA How Consonants Are Made The Development of English Spelling Runes Were Alphabet Letters The Coming of the Roman Alphabet The Norman Invasion Steam Radiators, Minims, U's, O's, and N's Long Vowels, Short Vowels, and the Great Vowel Shift Latin and (and in) English Printing and the (Almost) Standardization of English Spelling Toward Modern Spelling English and the World Greek and Latin Continue to Influence English English Spelling and English Language Learners Conclusion Chapter Five: A Close Look at Children's Invented Spelling Introduction A Progression of Spelling Development Prephonemic Spelling Early Phonemic spelling Letter-Name Spelling Transitional Spelling Chapter Six: Helping Children Make Progress in Spelling Introduction Assessing Children's Spelling Development Spelling Knowledge Inventory The Gentry Spelling Grade-Level Test Helping Children Make Progress in Spelling For the Prephonemic Speller For the Early Phonemic Speller For the Letter-Name Speller For the Transitional Speller Teaching Spelling Words Working with English Language Learners Conclusion SECTION THREE: The Beginnings of Composition Chapter Seven Introduction Composition: Who Defined Our Choices? How Did the Teaching of Writing Evolve? Children Discover the Forms and Functions of Composition Self, Audience, Topic, and Purpose: A Menu of Writing Forms The Expressive Function The Poetic Function The Transactional Function Conclusion Chapter Eight: Writing in the Expressive Mode Introduction A Variety of Expressive Writing Forms Assumptions About Expressive Writing: Symbol Systems and Thinking Concerns About Expressive Writing in the Classroom Classroom Strategies that Promote Expressive Writing Working with English Language Learners Conclusion (needs to be added) Useful Teacher Resources Chapter Nine: Writing in the Poetic Mode Introduction Children Write Stories: Development and Instruction Stages and Interpretations Caveats and Considerations Nine Intermediate Forms: Developing Story Structures Labels Statements No Structure Descriptive Sequence Action Sequence Reactive Sequence Goal-directed 1 Goal-directed 2 Goal-directed 3 Goal directed 4 Joey's Works: A First Grader Learns to Write Stories Sarah's Works: Literature Influences Story Development Helping Children Write Stories Teaching the Structure of Stories Outer Actions and Inner States: Souriau's Dramatic Roles Useful Ways of Assessing Story Writing Poetry Working with English Language Learners Conclusion Useful Teacher Resources Chapter Ten: Writing in the Transactional Mode Introduction Transactional Writing: Explaining, Describing, and Arguing The Importance of Transactional Texts in Children's Lives Developmental Trends in Writing Exposition Teaching Strategies and Assessment Encouraging Writing/Thinking in a Variety of Genres and Across Modes Working with English Language Learners Useful Ways of Assessing Transactional Writing Conclusion Useful Teacher Resources Chapter Eleven: Writing: The Child, The Teacher, and the Class Writing is a Social Activity A Description of the Writing Process The Stages of Writing Atmosphere, Assignment and Response: The Teacher's Role in the Writing Process An Atmosphere for Writing Choosing Topics for Writing Appropriate Responses to Children's Writing The Pre-Kindergarten and Kindergarten Years Setting Up a Literate Community Drawing Out Oral Language Connecting Writing to Speech The Primary Years An Overview of a Process-Writing Classroom What to Do on the First Day Beyond Day One: A Typical Day Setting Up the Classroom The Dynamics of Moving a Promising Draft Along Conferencing Techniques Publishing Possibilities Evaluation Conclusion Useful Teacher Resources
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 17th September 2012
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 20.5
Weight (kg): 0.662