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Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy : Developments in Sedimentology - Octavian Catuneanu

Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy

Developments in Sedimentology

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Published: 1st February 2005
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Principles of Sequence Stratigraphy provides an in-depth coverage and impartial assessment of all current ideas and models in the field of sequence stratigraphy. Even though widely popular among all groups interested in the analysis of sedimentary basin fills, both in academia and in the industry, sequence stratigraphy is yet a difficult undertaking due to an overwhelming jargon and the persistence of conflicting approaches as to how the sequence stratigraphic method should be applied to the rock record. This textbook examines the relationship between such conflicting approaches from the perspective of a unifying platform, demonstrating that sufficient common ground exists to eliminate terminology barriers and to facilitate communication between all practitioners of sequence stratigraphy.


This work is not only a review of past and current literature, but also includes key original viewpoints and is illustrated with new graphic material and numerous field examples of outcrop, core, well log and 3D seismic data in full colour. The book is addressed to anyone interested in understanding and applying the method of sequence stratigraphic analysis, from students to geologists, geophysicists and reservoir engineers. Sequence stratigraphy remains the most recent paradigm in the broad field of sedimentary geology, with tremendous potential to deciphering the record of global change and to improving the success of economic exploration.
* Offers theoretical guidelines of how the facies and time relationships are expected to be under specific circumstances such as subsidence patterns, sediment supply, topographic gradients, etc.
* Contains numerous high-quality and full-color diagrams, photographs and illustrations, virtually on every aid in comprehension of the subject
* Features a dedicated chapter on discussions and conclusions incorporating all previous chapters with references, basic principles and strategies
* Provides an extensive list of references for further reading, as well as an author and subject index for quick information access

"The best explanation and exploration of sequence stratigraphy yet published...Essential." -CHOICE "...This will be a bestseller in the Earth sciences. I really enjoyed reading this extraordinarily comprehensive text." --THE LEADING EDGE, The Society of Exploration Geophysicists, May 2007 "Octavian Catuneanu has written a balanced, well illustrated and up-to-date overview of the various approaches to sequence stratigraphy." - Journal of Sedimentary Research, August 2006

Introduction
Sequence Stratigraphy-an Overviewp. 1
Sequence Stratigraphy in the Context of Interdisciplinary Researchp. 1
Sequence Stratigraphy-A Revolution in Sedimentary Geologyp. 3
Historical Development of Sequence Stratigraphyp. 3
Early Developmentsp. 3
Sequence Stratigraphy Era-Eustatic vs. Tectonic Controls on Sedimentationp. 4
Sequence Modelsp. 6
Sequence Stratigraphic Approachp. 7
Terminologyp. 7
Concept of Scalep. 9
Sequence Stratigraphy vs. Lithostratigraphy and Allostratigraphyp. 10
Methods of Sequence Stratigraphic Analysis
Introductionp. 17
Facies Analysis: Outcrops, Core, and Modern Analoguesp. 17
Concepts of Depositional System, Facies, and Facies Modelsp. 17
Classification of Depositional Environmentsp. 18
Walther's Lawp. 21
Sedimentary Petrographyp. 21
Paleocurrent Directionsp. 25
Pedologyp. 25
Ichnologyp. 31
General Principlesp. 31
Ichnofacies Classificationp. 32
Softground-related Ichnofaciesp. 33
Substrate-controlled Ichnofaciesp. 36
Discussionp. 40
Well Logsp. 40
Introductionp. 40
Well Logs: Geological Uncertaintiesp. 42
Constraining Well-log Interpretationsp. 44
Seismic Datap. 48
Introductionp. 48
Physical Attributes of Seismic Datap. 50
Workflow of Seismic Data Analysisp. 51
Reconnaissance Studiesp. 51
Interval Attribute Mapsp. 52
Horizon Attribute Mapsp. 56
3D Perspective Visualizationp. 56
Age Determination Techniquesp. 58
Workflow of Sequence Stratigraphic Analysisp. 63
Tectonic Setting (Type of Sedimentary Basin)p. 63
Paleodepositional Environmentsp. 66
Sequence Stratigraphic Frameworkp. 68
Stratal Terminationsp. 69
Stratigraphic Surfacesp. 69
Systems Tracts and Sequencesp. 70
Accommodation and Shoreline Shifts
Introductionp. 73
Allogenic Controls on Sedimentationp. 73
Significance of Allogenic Controlsp. 73
Signatures of Allogenic Controlsp. 75
Relative Importance of Allogenic Controlsp. 76
Sediment Supply and Energy Fluxp. 77
Sediment Supplyp. 77
Sediment Supply vs. Environmental Energy Fluxp. 78
Sediment Accommodationp. 81
Definitions-Accommodation, Base Level, and Fluvial Graded Profilesp. 81
Proxies for Base Level and Accommodationp. 84
Changes in Accommodationp. 86
Shoreline Trajectoriesp. 89
Definitionsp. 89
Transgressionsp. 92
Forced Regressionsp. 97
Normal Regressionsp. 101
Stratigraphic Surfaces
Introductionp. 105
Types of Stratal Terminationsp. 106
Sequence Stratigraphic Surfacesp. 109
Subaerial Unconformityp. 112
Correlative Conformityp. 119
Basal Surface of Forced Regressionp. 123
Regressive Surface of Marine Erosionp. 127
Maximum Regressive Surfacep. 135
Maximum Flooding Surfacep. 142
Transgressive Ravinement Surfacesp. 147
Wave-Ravinement Surfacep. 149
Tidal-Ravinement Surfacep. 151
Within-Trend Facies Contactsp. 153
Within-trend Normal Regressive Surfacep. 153
Within-trend Forced Regressive Surfacep. 157
Within-trend Flooding Surfacep. 159
Systems Tracts
Introductionp. 165
Highstand Systems Tractp. 171
Definition and Stacking Patternsp. 171
Economic Potentialp. 176
Petroleum Playsp. 176
Coal Resourcesp. 177
Placer Depositsp. 178
Falling-Stage Systems Tractp. 178
Definition and Stacking Patternsp. 178
Economic Potentialp. 189
Petroleum Playsp. 189
Coal Resourcesp. 193
Placer Depositsp. 194
Lowstand Systems Tractp. 197
Definition and Stacking Patternsp. 197
Economic Potentialp. 203
Petroleum Playsp. 203
Coal Resourcesp. 204
Placer Depositsp. 204
Transgressive Systems Tractp. 205
Definition and Stacking Patternsp. 205
Economic Potentialp. 215
Petroleum Playsp. 215
Coal Resourcesp. 218
Placer Depositsp. 219
Regressive Systems Tractp. 219
Definition and Stacking Patternsp. 219
Economic Potentialp. 222
Low- and High-Accommodation Systems Tractsp. 222
Definition and Stacking Patternsp. 222
Low-Accommodation Systems Tractp. 223
High-Accommodation Systems Tractp. 227
Discussionp. 229
Economic Potentialp. 232
Petroleum Playsp. 233
Coal Resourcesp. 233
Placer Depositsp. 233
Sequence Models
Introductionp. 235
Types of Stratigraphic Sequencesp. 237
Depositional Sequencep. 237
Genetic Stratigraphic Sequencep. 240
Transgressive-Regressive (T-R) Sequencep. 241
Parasequencesp. 243
Sequences in Fluvial Systemsp. 246
Introductionp. 246
Fluvial Cyclicity Controlled by Base-level Changesp. 248
Fluvial Cyclicity Independent of Base-level Changesp. 250
Climatic Cyclesp. 251
Tectonic Cyclesp. 252
Low- vs. High-Accommodation Settingsp. 253
Sequences in Coastal to Shallow-Water Clastic Systemsp. 253
Introductionp. 253
Physical Processesp. 254
Sediment Supply and Transport Mechanismsp. 254
Zonation of the Coastal-Shallow-marine Profilep. 256
Sediment Budget: Fairweather vs. Storm Conditionsp. 260
Cyclicity of Coastal to Shallow-water Systems in Relation to Shoreline Shiftsp. 260
Normal Regressive Settingsp. 260
Forced Regressive Settingsp. 260
Transgressive Settingsp. 261
Summaryp. 261
Sequences in Deep-Water Clastic Systemsp. 262
Introductionp. 262
Physical Processesp. 263
Progradation of Shelf-edge Deltasp. 263
Gravity Flowsp. 265
Depositional Elementsp. 266
Submarine-canyon Fillsp. 267
Turbidity-flow Channel Fillsp. 267
Turbidity-flow Levees and Overbank Sediment Wavesp. 270
Turbidity-flow Splay Complexesp. 271
Mudflow (Cohesive Debris Flow) Macroformsp. 273
Cyclicity of Deep-water Systems in Relation to Shoreline Shiftsp. 276
Highstand Normal Regressionsp. 276
Early Forced Regressionsp. 276
Late Forced Regressionsp. 276
Lowstand Normal Regressionsp. 277
Early Transgressionsp. 277
Late Transgressionsp. 278
Summaryp. 278
Sequences in Carbonate Systemsp. 279
Introductionp. 279
The Carbonate Sequence Stratigraphic Modelp. 282
Drowning Unconformitiesp. 283
Highstand Systems Tractsp. 283
Falling-stage-Lowstand Systems Tractsp. 285
Transgressive Systems Tractsp. 285
Discussion: Sequence Boundaries in Carbonate Successionsp. 287
Time Attributes of Stratigraphic Surfaces
Introductionp. 291
Reference Curve for the Definition of Stratigraphic Surfacesp. 292
Shoreline Shifts, Grading, and Bathymetryp. 294
Controls on Sediment Grading and Water-depth Changesp. 294
Discussionp. 303
Methods of Definition of Stratigraphic Surfacesp. 308
Introductionp. 308
Correlative Conformitiesp. 308
Onset-of-fall Correlative Conformityp. 308
End-of-fall Correlative Conformityp. 309
Maximum Regressive and Maximum Flooding Surfacesp. 310
Definitionp. 310
Two-dimensional Modelp. 311
Model Resultsp. 312
Strike Variabilityp. 314
Discussionp. 314
Summary: Time Attributes of Stratigraphic Surfacesp. 319
Subaerial Unconformityp. 319
Correlative Conformityp. 322
Basal Surface of Forced Regressionp. 322
Regressive Surface of Marine Erosionp. 322
Maximum Regressive Surfacep. 323
Maximum Flooding Surfacep. 323
Transgressive Ravinement Surfacesp. 324
Within-trend Facies Contactsp. 324
Conclusionsp. 325
Hierarchy of Sequences and Sequence Boundaries
Introductionp. 327
Hierarchy System Based on Cycle Duration (Boundary Frequency)p. 329
Hierarchy System Based on the Magnitude of Base-Level Changesp. 330
Discussionp. 332
Discussion and Conclusions
Fundamental Principlesp. 335
Scope and Applicationsp. 335
The Importance of Shoreline Shiftsp. 336
Theory vs. Reality in Sequence Stratigraphyp. 337
The Importance of the Tectonic Settingp. 338
Uses and Abuses in Sequence Stratigraphyp. 339
Precambrian vs. Phanerozoic Sequence Stratigraphyp. 339
Moving Forward Toward Standardizing Sequence Stratigraphyp. 340
Concluding Remarksp. 342
Referencesp. 345
Author Indexp. 361
Subject Indexp. 369
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780444515681
ISBN-10: 0444515682
Series: Developments in Sedimentology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 386
Published: 1st February 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 28.5 x 22.0  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 1.38