China's giant project in social engineering has drawn worldwide attention, both because of its coercive enforcement of strict birth limits, and because of the striking changes that have occurred in China's population: one of the fastest fertility declines in modern history and a gender gap among infants that is the highest in the world. These changes have contributed to an imminent crisis of social security for a rapidly aging population, provoking concern in China and abroad. What political processes underlie these population shifts? What is the political significance of population policy for the PRC regime, the Chinese people, and China's place in the world?
The book documents the gradual "governmentalization" of China's population after 1949, a remarkable buildup of capacity for governance by the regime, the professions, and individuals. Since the turn of the millennium the regime has initiated a drastic shift from "hard" Leninist methods of birth planning toward "soft" neoliberal approaches involving indirect regulation by the state and self-regulation by citizens themselves. Population policy, once a lagging sector in China's transition from communism, is now helping lead the country toward more modern and internationally accepted forms of governance. Governing China's Population" tells the story of these shifts, from the perspectives of both regime and society, based on internal documents, long-term fieldwork, and interviews with a wide range of actors--policymakers and implementers, propagandists and critics, compliers and resisters.
This study also illuminates the far-reaching consequences for China's society and politics of deep state intrusion in individual reproduction. Like Mao's Great Leap Forward, Deng's one-child policy has created vast social suffering and human trauma. Yet power over population has also been positive and productive, promoting China's global rise by creating new kinds of "quality" persons equipped to succeed in the world economy. Politically, the PRC's population project has strengthened the regime and created a whole new field of biopolitics centering on the production and cultivation of life itself.
Drawing on approaches from political science and anthropology that are rarely combined, this book develops a new kind of interdisciplinary inquiry that expands the domain of the political in provocative ways. The book provides fresh answers to broad questions about China's Leninist transition, regime capacity, "science" and "democracy," and the changing shape of Chinese modernity.
"The rise of China is one of the most significant trends of the twenty-first century. "Governing China's Population" is a must-read for anybody who is interested in how Chinese politics and society are changing, and how the U.S. can engage China to move toward international rules and practices. The authors' groundbreaking work will change the way China's population policies and politics are understood in the United States."--Lee Hamilton, President, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and former Chairman, House Committee on International Relations
|Introduction : population as politics||p. 1|
|Problematique : governmentalization of population||p. 19|
|Policy formulation and implementation|
|Introduction : policy actors and policy components||p. 47|
|The Mao era : from soft birth control to hard birth planning||p. 55|
|The Deng era : rising enforcement of hard birth planning||p. 93|
|The Jiang era : deepening reform of hard birth planning||p. 131|
|The Hu era : from comprehensive reform to social policy||p. 166|
|Social and political consequences|
|Introduction : social politics and cultural logics||p. 205|
|The shifting local politics of population||p. 212|
|Restratifying Chinese society||p. 245|
|Remaking China's politics and global position||p. 285|
|Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.|
Number Of Pages: 388
Published: 14th September 2005
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 15.7 x 2.8
Weight (kg): 0.735