In 1941, Franklin Delano Roosevelt identified "four essential human freedoms." Three of these -- freedom from fear, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion -- had long been understood as defining principles of liberalism. Roosevelt's fourth freedom -- freedom from want -- was not. Indeed, classic liberals had argued that the only way to guarantee this freedom would be through an illiberal redistribution of wealth. In Freedom from Want, Kathleen G. Donohue describes how, between the 1880s and the 1940s, American intellectuals transformed classical liberalism into its modern American counterpart by emphasizing consumers over producers and consumption over production.
Donohue first examines this conceptual shift through the writings of a wide range of late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century social critics -- among them William Graham Sumner, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Richard T. Ely, Edward Bellamy, and Thorstein Veblen -- who rethought not only the negative connotations of consumerism but also the connection between one's right to consume and one's role in the production process. She then turns to the politicization of these ideas beginning with the establishment of a more consumer-oriented liberalism by Walter Lippmann and Walter Weyl and ending in the New Deal era, when this debate evolved from intellectual discourse into public policy with the creation of such bodies as the National Recovery Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration.
Deftly combining intellectual, cultural, and political history, Freedom from Want sheds new light on the ways in which Americans reconceptualized the place of the consumer in society and the implications of these shifting attitudes for the philosophy ofliberalism and the role of government in safeguarding the material welfare of the people.
At the core of this volume 'is the story of how freedom from want, an economic freedom defined by classical liberalism, became one of the essential human freedoms of modern American liberalism'... Edward Bellamy, Thorstein Veblen, and Adam Smith are a few of the many thinkers whose work Donohue reviews... This scholarly volume deserves a wide audience. Choice 2004 A well-crafted example of traditional intellectual history. Donohue's close reading of the works of a variety of economic and political theorists not only provides interesting new insights into the thought of the individuals she examines, but also allows her to construct a compelling narrative of the dramatic change that occurred over a span of half a century in liberal thinking about the role of consumption and consumers in the political economy. -- Larry G. Gerber EH.Net 2004 This is an intelligent, well-researched, carefully nuanced book about the gradual displacement in U.S. liberalism of a producerist outlook by a consumerist perspective... Donohue gives us a rich intellectual history of the bases for the government-managed, full-growth, high-employment, demand-driven economy that flourished as an ideal, and to a considerable extent in practice, between the 1940s and the 1970s. -- Mary O. Furner Business History Review 2004 Donohue offers a powerful case intertwining economic, intellectual, and political history... A most valuable contribution to the history of American economic thought. -- Amy S. Bix Enterprise and Society 2005 A provocative update on the effort that has gone on at least since Alexis de Tocqueville's time to sort out the relationship between material desires and democracy. -- Alan Lawson Journal of American History 2005 An authoritative and well-researched account of the emergence of consumption and the consumer within American political economic thought. -- Matthew Hilton Business History 2005 Furthers understanding of the political history of mass consumption in the United States. -- Steven T. Sheehan Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 2005 The book offers a well-researched and thoughtful history of ideas, and it should be of interest to economists as well as intellectual and economic historians. -- Susan J. Matt American Historical Review 2007
|The Producerist Worldview, 1870-1900||p. 8|
|Legitimizing the Consumer, 1880-1900||p. 41|
|At the Crossroads, 1899-1912||p. 73|
|Politicizing the Consumer, 1909-1923||p. 115|
|"What's an Economic System For?" 1917-1933||p. 151|
|The Demise of Economic Planning, 1933-1940||p. 198|
|The Common Ground of Abundance, 1933-1940||p. 244|
|Essay on Sources||p. 313|
|Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.|
Series: New Studies in American Intellectual and Cultural History
For Ages: 22+ years old
Number Of Pages: 344
Published: 1st December 2003
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2 x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.59