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Essential Epidemiology : An Introduction for Students and Health Professionals - Penny Margaret Webb

Essential Epidemiology

An Introduction for Students and Health Professionals

Paperback

Published: 1st June 2008
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This is an accessible, easily readable, and modern introduction to epidemiology for students of medicine and public health.

It combines a strong public health perspective and rationale with modern methodological insights in a coherent and straight forward way. It emphasises the fundamental principles common to all areas of epidemiology and, unlike many other texts, integrates both public health and clinical epidemiology and the study of infectious and chronic diseases.

It aims to give health professionals a good understanding of the methods and potential problems underlying epidemiological data and reports but also provides a thorough introduction for would-be epidemiologists.

The 'nuts and bolts' of epidemiology are embedded in the wider health perspective and the concluding chapter explores future possibilities and emphasises the integration of the various strands of the discipline.

The basic messages are reinforced through numerous examples and questions, with answers provided.

About the Author

Penny Webb is a Senior Research Fellow and Head, Gynaecological Cancers Group, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia. Chris Bain is Reader in Epidemiology, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

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5.0

In uni library so I ordered one.

By books oh yeah.

from melbourne

About Me Everyday Reader

Verified Buyer

Pros

  • Informative
  • Lots Of Illustrations
  • Well Written

Cons

    Best Uses

    • Reference

    For epi. Illustrations clear. Expensive for content.

    Comment on this review

    'In this book, the authors have succinctly outlined the key concepts in modern epidemiology. ... the way forward is to 'think smarter' - this book provides the ideal starting point for those wanting to do just that.' International Journal of Epidemiology

    Prefacep. ix
    Epidemiology is...p. 1
    A case of food poisoningp. 2
    Subdisciplines of epidemiologyp. 4
    On epidemicsp. 5
    An historical epidemicp. 7
    The beginningsp. 10
    What does epidemiology offer?p. 16
    What do epidemiologists do?p. 17
    A natural experimentp. 22
    Conclusionsp. 25
    Referencesp. 26
    How long is a piece of string? Measuring disease frequencyp. 28
    What are we measuring?p. 28
    Prevalence and incidencep. 30
    Measuring disease in epidemiological studiesp. 36
    Measuring disease occurrence using routine datap. 42
    Other measures commonly used in public healthp. 49
    Measures of mortality related to childbirth and early lifep. 51
    Other measures of health statusp. 54
    Summaryp. 59
    Questionsp. 59
    Referencesp. 60
    Who, what, where and when? Finding and using public health datap. 61
    Which data?p. 63
    Raw health datap. 64
    Summary health datap. 71
    Gaining access to the datap. 72
    Referencesp. 75
    Watching not waiting: surveillance and epidemiological intelligencep. 75
    The scope of surveillancep. 78
    Types of surveillancep. 80
    Surveillance in practicep. 83
    Evaluation of surveillancep. 87
    Summaryp. 87
    Referencesp. 88
    Why? Linking exposure and diseasep. 89
    Looking for associationsp. 90
    Ratio measures (relative risk)p. 92
    Difference measures (attributable risk)p. 95
    Relative risk versus attributable riskp. 105
    Case-control studiesp. 106
    Questionsp. 114
    Referencesp. 115
    Solid foundations: research designs for public healthp. 117
    Types of studyp. 118
    Descriptive studiesp. 121
    Analytic studiesp. 125
    Intervention studies or experimentsp. 140
    Referencesp. 145
    All that glitters is not gold: the problem of errorp. 148
    Errorp. 149
    Subject selectionp. 151
    Measurement or information errorp. 166
    Assessment of the likely effects of error on the results of a studyp. 177
    Summaryp. 181
    Questionsp. 181
    Referencesp. 182
    Muddied waters: the challenge of confoundingp. 183
    Is alcohol a risk factor for lung cancer?p. 184
    Criteria for a confounderp. 186
    The effects of confoundingp. 187
    Control of confoundingp. 193
    Confounding: the bottom linep. 200
    Questionsp. 200
    Referencesp. 201
    Bringing it together: reading and writing papers in practicep. 202
    The research question and study designp. 203
    The study sample: selection biasp. 204
    Measuring disease and exposure: measurement biasp. 206
    Confoundingp. 208
    Chancep. 209
    Study validityp. 210
    Descriptive studiesp. 212
    Writing papersp. 213
    Questionsp. 213
    Referencesp. 213
    Who sank the boat? Association and causationp. 215
    What do we mean by a cause?p. 216
    Association versus causationp. 219
    Evaluating causationp. 221
    Evaluating causality in practice: does H. pylori cause stomach cancer?p. 227
    And then what?p. 228
    Referencesp. 228
    Assembling the building blocks: reviews and their usesp. 229
    Identifying the literaturep. 230
    Different types of studyp. 231
    Summarising the datap. 234
    Assessment of causalityp. 240
    Assessing the quality of a systematic reviewp. 240
    Making judgements in practicep. 243
    The end resultp. 246
    Referencesp. 247
    Outbreaks, epidemics and clustersp. 249
    Outbreaks, epidemics, endemics and clustersp. 250
    Rare disease clustersp. 253
    Epidemiology of infectious diseasesp. 254
    A causal modelp. 256
    What influences the spread of infectious diseases?p. 258
    Epidemics or outbreaksp. 264
    Investigating outbreaksp. 266
    Tuberculosis: a case studyp. 270
    Conclusionp. 274
    Questionsp. 274
    Referencesp. 274
    Prevention: better than cure?p. 276
    Disease prevention in public healthp. 276
    The scope for preventive medicinep. 281
    Strategies for preventionp. 284
    Referencesp. 289
    Early detection: what benefits at what cost?p. 290
    Why screen?p. 290
    The requirements of a screening programmep. 293
    The screening programmep. 303
    Evaluation of a screening programmep. 304
    The negative consequences of a screening programmep. 312
    Summaryp. 313
    Questionsp. 313
    Referencesp. 314
    A final word...p. 316
    What does the future hold for epidemiology?p. 320
    Referencesp. 323
    Answers to questionsp. 324
    Direct standardisationp. 334
    Standard populationsp. 336
    Calculating cumulative incidence and lifetime risk from routine datap. 337
    Indirect standardisationp. 339
    The Mantel-Haenszel method for calculating pooled odds ratiosp. 341
    Indexp. 345
    Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

    ISBN: 9780521546614
    ISBN-10: 0521546613
    Series: Essential Medical Texts for Students and Trainees Ser.
    Audience: Tertiary; University or College
    Format: Paperback
    Language: English
    Number Of Pages: 355
    Published: 1st June 2008
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press
    Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 19.2  x 2.2
    Weight (kg): 0.803