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Why There's Antifreeze in Your Toothpaste : The Chemistry of Household Ingredients - Simon Quellen Quellen Field

Why There's Antifreeze in Your Toothpaste

The Chemistry of Household Ingredients

eBook

Published: 1st November 2007
Format: ePUB
$16.50
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A Selection of the Scientific American Book Club

Explaining why antifreeze is a component of toothpaste and how salt works in shampoo, this fascinating handbook delves into the chemistry of everyday household products. Decoding more than 150 cryptic ingredients, the guide explains each component's structural formula, offers synonymous names, and describes its common uses. This informative resource can serve curious readers as a basic primer to commercial chemistry or as an indexed reference for specific compounds found on a product label. Grouped according to type, these chemical descriptions will dissolve common misunderstandings and help make consumers more product savvy.

15. Stimulants -- Caffeine -- Theobromine -- Ephedrine -- 16. Medicines -- Benzoyl peroxide -- Focus : acne medicines -- Salicylic acid -- Sulfur -- Resorcinol -- Hydrogen peroxide -- Sodium bicarbonate --Hydroquinone -- Antibiotics -- Triclosan -- Triclocarban -- Hexachlorophene -- Pain relievers -- Potassium nitrate -- Benzocaine -- Tramadol -- Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) -- Acetaminophen -- Ibuprofen -- Naproxen -- Allantoin -- Menthol -- Methyl salicylate, ethyl salicylate, glycol salicylate -- Camphor -- Methyl nicotinate and benzyl nicotinate -- Capsaicin -- 17. Bleaching agents -- Sodium hypochlorite -- Focus : bleach -- Calcium hypochlorite -- Hydrogen peroxide -- Benzoyl peroxide -- Borax -- Sodium perborate -- Sodium carbonate peroxide -- Sodium dichloroisocyanurate -- Hydroquinone -- 18. Surfactants -- Ammonium lauryl sulfate -- Focus : shampoo -- Sodium lauryl sarcosinate -- Lauryl glucoside -- Cocamidopropyl betaine -- Sodium stearate -- Focus : soap -- Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate -- Sodium isethionate -- Focus : detergents -- Xylenesulfonates -- 19. Foam stabilizers -- Cocamide MEA, cocamide DEA, cocamide TEA -- Tetrasodium pyrophosphate -- 20. Conditioners -- Cetyl alcohol -- Cetrimonium chloride -- Silicones -- Panthenol -- 21. Propellants -- Nitrous oxide -- Isobutane -- Dimethyl ether -- 22. Polymers and glues -- Vinyl acetate -- Focus : hairspray -- Vinyl alcohol -- Methacrylate -- Silicones -- 23. Abrasives and dental additives -- Hydrated silica -- Focus : toothpaste -- Stannous fluoride -- Sodium fluoride -- Sodium monofluorophosphate.

ISBN: 9781569766828
ISBN-10: 1569766827
Format: ePUB
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 288
Published: 1st November 2007
Publisher: Chicago Review Press