Chapters by a distinguished group of international authors on various aspects of Underground Injection Science and Technology are organized into seven sections addressing specific topics of interest. In the first section the chapters focus on the history of deep underground injection as well regulatory issues, future trends and risk analysis. The next section contains ten chapters dealing with well testing and hydrologic modeling. Section 3, consisting of five chapters, addresses various aspects of the chemical processes affecting the fate of the waste in the subsurface environment. Consideration is given here to reactions between the waste and the geologic medium, and reactions that take place within the waste stream itself.
The remaining four sections deal with experience relating to injection of, respectively, liquid wastes, liquid radioactive wastes in Russia, slurried solids, and compressed carbon dioxide. Chapters in Section 4, cover a diverse range of other issues concerning the injection of liquid wastes including two that deal with induced seismicity. In Section 5, Russian scientists have contributed several chapters revealing their knowledge and experience of the deep injection disposal of high-level radioactive liquid processing waste. Section 6 consists of five chapters that cover the technology surrounding the injection disposal of waste slurries. Among the materials considered are drilling wastes, bone meal, and biosolids. Finally, four chapters in Section 7 deal with questions relating to carbon dioxide sequestration in deep sedimentary aquifers. This subject is particularly topical as nations grapple with the problem of controlling the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
* Comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in underground injection science and technology
* Emerging subsurface waste disposal technologies
* International scope
Cover -- Contents -- Contributing Authors -- Preface -- History, Regulation, and Risk Assessment -- An Overview of Injection Well History in the United States of America -- Introduction -- Prior to EPA UIC Regulations -- EPA UIC Regulations -- Class I Hazardous Well Regulations -- Risk Analysis -- Summary -- References -- Deep Injection Disposal of Liquid Radioactive Waste in Russia, 1963-2002: Results and Consequences -- Introduction -- Characteristics of Deep-Well Injection Sites and Preliminary Investigation -- Investigations of Waste Behavior and New Data Received while Operating Deep-Well Injection Sites -- Safety Requirements and Criteria while Performing Site Injection for Liquid Radioactive Waste at the Present Time -- Conclusion -- References -- Applications of Deep-Well Injection of Industrial and Municipal Wastewater in Texas -- Introduction -- Regulatory Jurisdiction and Federal Program Authorization -- Definition of Terms -- Well Numbers and Locations -- Technical Requirements of Rules -- General Characteristics of Injected Waste Streams -- Industries with Current or Historical use of Class I Injection Wells -- Proposed uses of Class I Injection Wells -- Conclusion -- References -- Why Current Regulations Protect Florida's Subsurface Environment -- Introduction -- Current Raw Water Supply -- Effluent Disposal Alternatives -- Risk Issues -- Environmental Regulations -- Injection Well Construction and Testing -- Summary -- References -- An Interpretation of the Safe Drinking Water Act's "Non-Endangerment" Standard for the Underground Injection Contro -- Introduction -- Statutory and Regulatory Authority -- Approaches for Preventing Endangerment -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments and Disclaimer -- References -- The Appropriate Methodology for Determining the use of a Fixed-Radius Area of Review or Zone of Endangering Influence, When Conducting an Area-of-Review Analysis for Underground Injection Control Operations -- Introduction -- Methodologies -- Conclusion -- Analysis of Injectate Location at Dupont Beaumont Works -- Introduction -- Geology -- Analysis -- Conclusions -- References -- Aquifer Storage and Recovery Wells in Florida: How and When will Impact be Regulated? -- Introduction -- The Concept -- Floridan Aquifer System -- ASR Development in Florida -- Everglades Restoration-ASR Component -- Concerns about Aquifer Storage and Recovery on a Large Scale -- Governing Regulations -- Conclusions and Recommendations -- References -- Alaska-Sakhalin 2002 Symposium Discussion of Underground Injection Control in Arctic Oilfields* -- Introduction -- Background -- Well Drilling and Operation -- Water Discharge Disposal Routes -- The Underground Injection Control Presentation to Sakhalin -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- A Probabilistic Risk Assessment of Class I Hazardous Waste Injection Wells -- Introduction -- Background -- Methodology -- Class IH Injection Well System Definition -- Failure Modes and Effects Analys.