Rigorous methodological techniques have been developed in the last decade to improve the reliability and accuracy of self reports from research volunteers and patients about their pain, mood, substance abuse history, or dietary habits. This book presents cutting-edge research on optimal methods for obtaining self-reported information for use in the evaluation of scientific hypothesis, in therapeutic interventions, and in the development of prognostic indicators.
Self-reports constitute critically important data for research and practice in many fields. As the chapters in this volume document, psychological and social processes influence the storage and recall of self-report information. There are conditions under which self-reports should be readily accepted by the clinician or researcher, and other conditions where healthy scepticism is required. The chapters demonstrate methods for improving the accuracy of self-reports, ranging from fine-tuning interviews and questionnaires to employing emerging technologies to collect data in ways that minimize bias and encourage accurate reporting.
Representing a diverse group of disciplines including sociology, law, psychology, and medicine, the distinguished authors offer crucial food for thought to all those whose work depends on the accurate self-reports of others.
General Issues / Jaylan S. Turkkan. Information No One Else Knows: The Value of Self-Report / Wendy Baldwin -- Ethical Issues In the Collection of Self-Report Data / David M. Bersoff and Donald N. Bersoff --Cognitive Processes in Self-Report / Jared B. Jobe. Remembering What Happened: Memory Errors and Survey Reports / Roger Tourangeau -- Temporal Representation and Event Dating / Norman M. Bradburn -- Emotion and Memory: Implications for Self-Report / John F. Kihlstrom, Eric Eich, Deborah Sandbrand, and Betsy A. Tobias -- Self-Reporting Sensitive Events and Characteristics / Christine A. Bachrach. Asking Questions About Threatening Topics: A Selective Overview / Nora Cate Schaeffer -- The Association Between Self-Reports of Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk: Fact or Artifact / Heather G. Miller, James N. Gribble, Leah C. Mazade, Susan M. Rogers, and Charles F. Turner -- Special Issues on Self-Report / Virginia S. Cain. When Surveys Fail: An Alternative for Data Collection / Douglas S. Massey -- Assesing Protocols for Child Interviews / Johnny Blair -- Do I Do What I Say? A Perspective on Self-Report Methods in Drug Dependence Epidemiology / James C. Anthony, Yehuda D. Neumark, and Michelle L. Van Etten -- Self-Report of Distant Memories / Jaylan S. Turkkan. Suggestion, Imagination, and the Transformation of Reality / Elizabeth F. Loftus -- Validity of Women's Self-Reports of Documented Child Sexual Abuse / Linda M. Williams, Jane A. Siegel, and Judith Jackson Pomeroy -- Self-Reporting of Health Behaviors and Psychiatric Symptoms / Howard S. Kurtzman. Methodological Issues in Assessing Psychiatric Disorders With Self-Reports / Ronald C. Kessler, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Jamie Abelson, and Shanyang Zhao -- "I Took the Medicine Like You Told Me, Doctor.": Self-Report of Adherence With Medical Regimens / Cynthia S. Rand -- Real-Time Self-Report of Momentary States in the Natural Environment: Computerized Ecological Momentary Assessment / Saul Shiffman -- Self-Reporting of Physical Symptoms / Arthur A. Stone. Psychological Factors Influencing the Reporting of Physical Symptoms / James W. Pennebaker -- Self-Report of Pain: Issues and Opportunities / Francis J. Keefe -- The Validity of Bodily Symptoms in Medical Outpatients / Arthur J. Barsky.
Number Of Pages: 392
Published: 1st August 1999