The sequence of major events that occurred after entering the twenty-first century have all pointed to an effective emergency response as one of the most complex challenges many countries now face. Social Computing in Homeland Security: Disaster Promulgation and Response presents a theoretical framework addressing how to enhance national response capabilities and ready the public in the presence of human-made or natural disasters. A practical reference for those involved in disaster response and management, this book explores fascinating topics including designing effective threat warning advisories, quantifying public reactions to and confidence in warning advisories, and assessing how anxiety and fear translate into impacts on effective response and social productivity.
From Threat Warning to Information Perception and Public Response -- Attention Capture and Effective Warning -- Dynamics of Public Perception and Confidence -- Psychosocial Aspect and Social Dynamics: A Mathematical Modeling Approach -- Psychosocial Effects: A Silent Influence -- Individual Reactions and Psychological Impact -- Disaster Promulgation and Collective Behaviors -- Forming Situation Awareness for First Decisions and Lifesaving -- Situation Awareness through Feature Recognition -- Incident Commander: Toward Effective First Decisions -- Countering Chemical Terrorism: A Digitized Fire Chief Supporting System for Rapid Onsite Responding to HazMat Emergencies -- A Hospital Emergency Support System for Real Time Surveillance Modeling and Effective Response -- Quickly Channeling Crowd Population in Emergency: An Emergency Evacuation Command System -- Enhancing the Resilience of Critical Infrastructure: Border Patrol, Cyber Security and Financial Stability -- Security Inspection Model of Critical Infrastructure -- Weaponizing the Internet and the YouTube War -- Containing Financial Contagion at the Source -- Appendix A: Markov Chain Monte Carlo Algorithms -- Appendix B: Calibration Results for Decision Tree C4.5 and the Probit Model.
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 31st March 2009