Automatic identification has evolved to use techniques that can identify an object or subject without direct human intervention. Such devices include the bar code, magnetic-stripe, integrated circuit, and biometric and radio-frequency identification. Innovative Automatic Identification & Location-Based Services: From Bar Codes to Chip Implants emphasizes the convergence and trajectory of automatic identification and location-based services toward chip implants and real-time positioning capabilities. Recording the history of automatic identification, this book also discusses the social, cultural, and ethical implications of the technological possibilities with respect to national security initiatives.
Number Of Pages: 544
Published: 31st March 2009