Why did the medieval Church bless William of Normandy's invasion of Christian England in 1066 and authorise cultural genocide in Provence? How could a Christian army sack Christian Constantinople in 1204? Why did thousands of ordinary men and women, led by knights and ladies, kings and queens, embark on campaigns of fanatical conquest in the world of Islam?
The word 'Crusade' came later, but the concept of a 'war for the faith' is an ancient one. Geoffrey Hindley instructively unravels the story of the Christian military expeditions that have perturbed European history, troubled Christian consciences and embittered Muslim attitudes towards the West.
He offers a lively record of the Crusades, from the Middle East to the pagan Baltic, and fascinating portraits of the major personalities, from Godfrey of Bouillon, the first Latin ruler of Jerusalem, to Etienne, the visionary French peasant boy who inspired the tragic Children's Crusade.
Addressing questions rarely considered, Hindley sheds new light on pressing issues surrounding religious division and shows how the Crusades have helped to shape the modern world and relations between Christian and Muslim countries to this day.
About the Author
Geoffrey Hindley lectures internationally on medieval history. His many books include The Shaping of Europe, Saladin : A Biography, The Book of Magna Carta and A Brief History of the Crusades. He also co-founder of the Society for the History of Medieval Technology and Science. He lives in France.
|List of Illustrations|
|Chronology of Jihad and Crusade|
|Introduction: What's in a Name?||p. 1|
|Beginnings 632-1095||p. 9|
|The First Crusade 1095-1099||p. 25|
|Life and Politics in a Multicultural World||p. 51|
|The Second Crusade: Disaster on the Road to Damascus||p. 71|
|Turk and Kurd: Heroes of Islam||p. 87|
|Women and an Alternative Feudalism||p. 107|
|Loss of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade 1187-1192||p. 121|
|The Fourth Crusade: The Latin Conquest of Constantinople and the Scandal of Christendom||p. 143|
|Heathen, Heretics and Children||p. 159|
|Triumphs of an Excommunicated Emperor||p. 177|
|The Failures of a Saint||p. 195|
|Acre and After||p. 209|
|Chivalry in Action and Nicopolis 'The Last Crusade'||p. 225|
|The Lingering Decline of a Flawed Ideal||p. 237|
|Epilogue: The Aftermath||p. 255|
|The Popes, from Gregory VII to Sixtus V||p. 261|
|Rulers of the Kingdom of Jerusalem||p. 267|
|Ayyubid Dynasty - Rulers of Egypt||p. 270|
|Byzantine Emperors at the Time of the First Crusades||p. 272|
|Ottoman Princes and Sultans 1300-1566||p. 274|
|Western Emperors 1056-1555||p. 276|
|Select Bibliography||p. 288|
Series: Brief History of
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 300
Published: 1st May 2004
Dimensions (cm): 20.000 x 13.000 x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.29
Edition Number: 1